St. Peter’s Church in Leuven almost became the world’s tallest building!
A monumental presence on the Grote Markt (market square) of Leuven is St Peter’s Church.
The first church on the site was made of wood and dated back to 986, but was burnt down in 1176. It was replaced by a Romanesque stone church, of which only the crypt remains. Construction of the present church began in 1425, and took over 50 years to complete, despite a fire in 1458 which delayed matter somewhat.
Tallest in the world
Amazingly, in 1505 plans were put in place to construct three colossal towers and a spire that would have made St Peter’s the world’s tallest structure! (How did they know that, I wonder?).
Unfortunately, the money ran out and the ground was too soft, so the plan was abandoned after the central tower reached only a third of its projected height. A maquette of the original design can be seen (below).
The church suffered severe damage in both world wars. In 1914 a fire caused the collapse of the roof and in 1944 a bomb destroyed part of the northern side. The jacquemart, or golden automaton (below), which periodically rings a bell near the clock on the gable, was added in 1998.
Also in 1998 a small museum was opened in the church where you can view a collection of sculptures, paintings and metalwork. Of note are two paintings by the Flemish Primitive Dirk Bouts, the Last Supper (1464-1468) and the Martyrdom of St Erasmus (1465).
Fancy a preach?
I find that the most striking object in the church is an absolutely massive and elaborate oak pulpit.
It looks rather out of place, as if it’s been added later and stuck just about anywhere, which seems to be near the truth. It was carved in 1742 by Jacob Bergé for Ninove Abbey, to the west of Brussels. However, the abbey found itself in dire financial straits and so sold the pulpit to St Peter’s in 1805. (Does anyone know how much for, I wonder?).
On one side it portrays the betrayal of Jesus by Peter, with a rather dapper cockerel chiselled in full crow.
Saint Paul! Or maybe not!
The other side portrays someone falling off a horse and seemingly shielding his eyes from a bright light.
Ha, I thought, I know who this is! It’s Saul being converted on the road to Damascus! But I am completely wrong. Apparently it’s a life-size representation of a 12th century bishop called Norbert of Xanten. As I have never heard of this gentleman, I much prefer my version.